Begining in Photography! Help!

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#1 FunnyBunny! on 5 years ago

Hello! I'm wanting to start to get into Photography and I had a few question!
First: What type of camera should I get to start with? I only have really used the camera on my phone so I'm clueless here!
Second: How do types of lens effect each photo?
Third: Anything I should know before I start?

Thanks for your time! :)

#2 Dark Photog on 5 years ago

1. Get a DSLR. Which one depends a lot on your budget, but be sure to save enough money for a decent lens or two.

2. That's not as simple a question as you may think...

3. Take a basic photography class, or learn on your own. Which you do depends on you. Some people learn better by being taught, and others prefer to teach themselves. There are plenty of books and website that will teach you how to shoot.

Here's one that's pretty basic and easy to understand.

#3 nathancarter on 5 years ago

What's your budget?

1a) If you're really wanting to pick it up as a long-term hobby, a gently used starter DSLR with the kit lens and an inexpensive "prime" lens will be a good kit. For instance, a Canon T2i or T3i, the 18-55 kit lens, and an inexpensive prime such as the 50mm f/1.8 (aka "nifty fifty"). I'm sure there are Nikon equivalents that will be about the same price and capability.

1b) If you just want to take pretty-good snapshots, but you don't really want to explore photography as a long-term hobby, some of the newer mirrorless or bridge cameras will be a better idea. If you use a DSLR but you leave it on "green box" mode all the time, and don't bother learning some of the settings, the photos will be no better than a decent point-n-shoot or bridge camera.
"Bridge" cameras are so named because they bridge the gap between a compact point-n-shoot and a full DSLR.

2) That's a question that's hard to answer briefly. At the most basic level, the lens has two primary attributes:
2a) Focal length (or magnification, or reach), and aperture (or f/stop). Most starter or kit lenses are "zoom" means they have a range of focal lengths, such as 18-55 which means 18mm (pretty wide angle) to 55mm (moderate telephoto). Then there are "prime" lenses, which don't zoom (e.g. fixed at 50mm), but primes almost always have a wider aperture and/or better quality glass elements.
2b) Aperture, in short, is the size of the opening in the lens where light passes through to reach the camera's sensor (or film). A wider aperture, denoted by a smaller number (e.g. f/1.4), will let in more light, and give you a shallower depth of field- you know, that effect where the subject is in focus but the background is blurred. A smaller aperture, denoted by a larger number (e.g. f/16) will let in less light and give more depth-of-field.
2c) A variety of other attributes that can be argued and nitpicked all day and all night. Sharpness, bokeh, minimum focal distance, focus speed & accuracy, build quality, .... and so on.

3) As with most skills, the more effort you put into learning your craft, the better your results will be. A fancy and expensive camera does not automagically make great pictures.

Rule to live by: Look for the light. Once you start to see light and shadows, you'll start to make better photos.